The national emblem of Ukraine, the Trident (Tryzub), has an ancient history. The trident symbol has been discovered in ancient Scythian excavations and burial mounds. In the time of Grand Duke Volodymyr the Great, Kyivan-Rus' used the Trident as a national symbol without the cross. After Ukraine's conversion to Christianity in 988, the cross was added to the trident and carved on the coinage of this period. The Trident with the cross was used also as the national emblem and seal of the Cossack (Kozak) era in the middle of the XVI and XVIII centuries. The same official emblem and seal was used again in the time of the Hetmanate government of Hetman Pavlo Skoropadskyi (1918). Afterwards, the national emblem was used in its original form, without the cross on its middle spar.
The national flag of Ukraine is formed of horizontal bands of blue and yellow. The blue color symbolizes the blue skies of Ukraine; the lower yellow stripe represents the wheat fields of Ukraine.
The national anthem - "Shche ne vmerla Ukraina..." (Ukraine has not yet perished) was composed by Mykhailo Verbytskyi, to lyrics written by Pavlo Chubynskyi.